(513) 424-0821

About Madison Township

About Madison Township

Butler County, Ohio

Discover the enchantment of Small Town Rural American Charm. Half way between two vibrant Ohio cities, Dayton and Cincinnati, Immerse yourself in a world where time seems to stand still and neighbors become like kin. Situated in Madison Twp. Butler Co., OH, in the heartland of America, this hidden treasure offers an authentic taste of quintessential living. With its breathtaking landscapes, deep-rooted history dating back to 1810, and a vibrant sense of community, this gem embodies the essence of the American dream. Uncover the allure of our picturesque countryside, embrace the warmth of our welcoming locals, and let the distinctive character of our town capture your heart. Whether meandering through our idyllic tree-lined streets, immersing yourself in the culture, or simply reveling in the simple pleasures of rural living, Madison Twp. Butler Co., OH invites you to create lasting memories in a place where you have space to breathe. Connect with us today at (513) 785-1000 or visit our Administration Building at Madison Township 5610 West Alexandria Middletown, Ohio 45042. Our dedicated Administrator, David Runnells, is at your service from 8am – 12pm Monday through Friday. Stay connected with us on social media for the latest updates and let us be your guide to all the wonders that Madison Twp. Butler Co., OH has to offer. Come and experience the charm that sets us apart and makes us truly extraordinary.


Land Area

Year Founded

Log Cabin
Graphic of State of Ohio showing location of Madison Township in relation to Cincinnati and Dayton.

Our History

Learn about the rich history of Madison Township, Butler County Ohio. (click through the list by using the  +)

Explore Madison Township's rich history in northeastern Butler County, Ohio

Etching of President James Madison

Explore Madison Township’s rich history in northeastern Butler County, Ohio. Established in 1810 and named after President James Madison, it originally encompassed the city of Trenton. Today, the township, with a population of 8,448 in 2010, remains a political subdivision with three trustees and a clerk serving its residents.

Delve into the roots of township governance

Etching of Man and Woman in Pilgrim attire.

Originating in 1620 with the Pilgrim fathers, shaping local government units across the nation. In Ohio, townships, determined by Congressional Acts, played crucial roles in managing schools, religious institutions, roads, and community needs.

Witness the evolution of Ohio's townships

Military District of Ohio Map

Military District of Ohio Map

Since 1804, Ohion townships have been adapting to changing demands and legislative grants. Madison Township, nestled in the Great Miami River watershed, spans three counties and continues its commitment to personalized service through elected officials.

Learn about Butler County's formation

Butler County was named after Revolutionary War General Richard Butler, and Madison Township’s birth in 1810. Follow the township’s growth from its pioneer days, where crossroads villages defined communities, to its 2010 population of 8,448. Click Here

Uncover the township's villages

Villages, like Trenton, Miltonville, and Poasttown, each contributing to Madison Township’s unique narrative. Join us on a journey through time, exploring the people, developments, and towns along the Great Miami River’s tributaries within Madison Township. Click Here


Unabridged Version

History of Madison Township

Madison Township is one of thirteen townships in Butler County. Located in northeastern Butler County just west of Middletown, it had a population of 8,448 people as of the 2010 census. While it surrounds the city of Trenton, the city is no longer part of the township. It is named for James Madison, president of the United States at the time of its creation in 1810.

The Pilgrim fathers brought the township form of government to America in 1620. This unit of local government, still referred to in New England as the ‘town’, spread eventually as far west as the Rocky Mountains. It is found today in twenty-two states, known either as the town or the township.

In Ohio, the township predates our state government. The townships’ size and shape were determined by the Congressional Acts which established the various land grants. All of the lands defined by these acts were surveyed under the range and township system, except for the Virginia Military Lands. Some of these lands were sub-divided into townships five miles square – such as those in the Connecticut Western Reserve that was established in 1786. The others were surveyed into townships that were six miles square, as in the Congress Lands, 1789-1801. within each of the Ohio land grants, Congress set aside sections of the land for the use of schools and the support of religious institutions. In the Symmes Purchase, for example, Section 16 of each township was reserved for schools and Section 29 was set aside for religious institutions.

As the Ohio Territory became populated, it was only natural that the surveyed townships become the basic unit of local government. In 1804, the elected officials of a township consisted of three trustees, a clerk, two overseers of the poor, and a sufficient number of supervisors of highway, in addition to justices of the peace and constables. A township treasurer and assessor were later added. In the early years of statehood, Ohio township government cared for the poor, maintained the roads, preserved the peace, registered brands and fulfilled the needs of local government generally.

Today, just as in 1804, the township in Ohio is a political subdivision of the state. As such, it has only those powers granted to it by the state legislature and performs functions defined by the state. To keep pace with the demands of changing times, the functions, duties, and obligations of the township have changed over the years. Demands for increase or different services have prompted the state legislature to grant Ohio’s 1309 townships the authority to fulfill these changing demands.

Three trustees and a clerk, each elected for a four-year term, administer each of our townships today Officially they fill their offices on a part-time basis, but they are always ready to meet their responsibilities and put in many hours of work to serve their constituents. Their intimate knowledge of their community, its needs, and its citizens enables them to offer more personal service than any other unit of government.

Madison Township is located in southwestern Ohio in the watershed of the Great Miami River. On its borders are three counties– Warren, Montgomery and Preble- while the township itself is within the county of Butler. Butler County was named in honor of the revolutionary War General, Richard Butler, was was killed near what became Fort Recovery in late 1791 during the Indian Wars. Butler County is approximately 25 miles east to west and 19 miles north to south. It contains about 300,000 acres of land with the census of 2000 showing a population of 332,807. Whereas, the population for Madison Township shows that 8,611 people live here.

The birth of Madison Township is described in the 1882 History of Butler County as follows: ‘May 7, 1810 at a meeting of James Smith, James Blackburn, and William Robinson, commissioners on petition of some of the inhabitants of Lemon Township, it was ordered, that so much of the said township of Lemon as lies within the following boundaries, to wit: Beginning on the west bank of the Miami at the southwest corner of township number 1 of the boundary line of the said county of Butler; thence east with the said northern boundary line to the Miami; thence south and southwardly with the meanders of the Miami to the place of beginning,– shall compose a township which shall be called and known by the name of Madison Township’.

The Township was named in honor of the President of the United States at that time. James Madison, who had served as Secretary of State under Jefferson had been elected to succeed him in 1808 and was a popular president and his wife Dolley, was one of the nation’s best-loved First Ladies.

Madison Township Bicentennial Sketches (1799-1999)
By George C. Crout
Madison Township Communities

During pioneer days, when the slow-moving horse was the chief means of transportation within the township, its 25,000 acres seemed to be a large area. People began to consider themselves as part of a particular community within the township’s boundaries. Each was usually centered around a crossroads village. The first Census of 1820 listed 1228 residents in the township, a figure which increased to 1826 in 1820 and in 1830 to 2229. The villages as listed in the 1830 Census showed Trenton to be the largest with 109 people, followed by Miltonville with 10 1, and West Liberty with 59. Middletown at the time had 530 people. By 1830 the land was settled, so population growth was slow for several decades. By 1870 the township’s population was only 2450. By that time the villages were listed as Madison (West Middletown) 158 population; Miltonville, 179; Poasttown, 200; and Trenton, 340. Poasttown, West Middletown and Trenton, along with Brownstown were located along the Great Miami River. Miltonville and Trenton, via the old bridge at Gunckel’s mill which carried the traffic of the Franklin-Trenton Road, served as centers for the Elk Creek Valley, as did Poasttown and Middletown for Browns Run. Woodsdale in the extreme south owed its growth to the Miami-Erie Canal and its bridge over the Great Miami, along with the race from the river that furnished the water power for the development of the early paper industry at that point. Since the story of the Great Miami has already been told, that of its two major tributaries in Madison Township will be explored, along with the story of their development and the people who lived there and the towns they founded.


Madison Twp.

Butler County, Ohio

Main: (513) 424-0821

Fax: (513) 424-4659

Non-Emergency Fire Dept:         (513) 424-3384

Administration Building

5610 West Alexandria Rd. Middletown, OH 45042       Hours: 8am - 12pm M-F

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for Emergencies